Academician Tan Jianrong: To develop robots, we must start from basic research

At present, China’s economy is at a critical moment of transformation and upgrading. As the main body of the national economy, manufacturingindustry4.0“after,”Made in China 2025“Strategy was born immediately. In the context of a new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, the industrial transformation with “intelligent manufacturing” as the core is quietly coming.

industryrobotAlways known as the “Pearl at the top of the manufacturing crown”, since 2013, China’s industrialRobot marketIt has developed vigorously and has become the world’s largest Industrial Robot application market for four consecutive years. at the same time,service robotThe industry has also achieved steady development.

However, behind the rapid development of China’s robot market, the key technologies and core components of domestic robots such as high precisionreducer,ServomotorandcontrollerHowever, it has long relied on foreign imports for a long time.Nowadays, a considerable part of the market share of domestic Industrial Robots is divided up by the “four families” of foreign companies.Robot EnterpriseDevelopment is difficult. It has to be said that the bottleneck of the core technology of robots has become one of the biggest shortcomings in the competition between domestic brands and international brands.

How to break through the bottleneck of the development of key robotic technologies in China as soon as possible has become the primary problem that domestic robotics companies need to think about and solve urgently. During the “2017 (7th) China Robot Industry Summit Forum” held recently, the editor of OFweek Robot Network had the honor to interview Mr. Tan Jianrong, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. In the interview, Academician Tan directly stated the pain points of the development of China’s domestic robot industry, and shared years of research results and valuable industry experience, providing instructive opinions for the development of robot companies.

Academician Tan Jianrong: To develop robots, we must start from basic researchAcademician Tan Jianrong (photo)

Basic research is fundamental

For a long time, the core technology of China’s domestic robot market has been strongly monopolized by foreign brands, and the development of domestic brands has been relatively slow. In this regard, Academician Tan Jianrong said earnestly that as a high-tech robot, it must start with basic research, just like a high-rise building needs to start with the construction of the foundation.

He pointed out that robotics is a multi-disciplinary high-tech field with five key technologies, namely servo motors, reducers, kinematic joints, controllers and actuators. At present, the most important areas for Chinese robots to break through are here. on top of five key technologies.

The ancients said: The nine-story platform starts from the earth. In Tan Jianrong’s view, China’s robotics companies lack research on basic technologies. He believes that in this regard, Chinese domestic enterprises must first cultivate their internal skills. In order to practice internal skills well, we must start from basic research and integrate the structure, dynamics, control technology,Human-computer interactionOnly with in-depth theoretical research on technology can we truly form a competitive independent brand. Therefore, the real rise of domestic robot enterprises still needs a development process.

Industrial Robots lead “intelligent manufacturing”

Nowadays, the robot industry has risen to the height of national strategy. When talking about the similarities and differences between Germany’s “Industry 4.0” and “Made in China 2025”, Tan Jianrong told the editor of OFweek Robotics that German “Industry 4.0” and “Made in China 2025” are mainly staged, process, There are three differences in technology.However, whether it is Germany’s “Industry 4.0” or “Made in China 2025”, the core is intelligent manufacturing, that is, the application of robots and3D printingRepresented by the application of high-tech in manufacturing.

In the new round of industrial transformation, the role of industrial robots is self-evident. According to the latest statistics, the sales volume of industrial robots in the Chinese market exceeded 90,000 units in 2016, accounting for about one-third of the global industrial robot market share. Tan Jianrong believes that industrial robots will play a very important role in the new round of industrial transformation. With the continuous advancement and deepening of industrial transformation, industrial robots will be more widely used in the industrial field, especially in the fields of regular operation, and industrial robots will have a huge market in these fields.

service robotgreat potential

Currently, servicerobotThe speed of development is very rapid, such as household, education,medical, logistics, agriculture and other fields are gradually popularized. Regarding the development of the service robot industry, Tan Jianrong pointed out that service robots are a major direction of the robot industry. Since China has now entered an aging society, the future demand for intelligent environments such as cooking robots, cleaning robots, and smart homes will be very high. big. Therefore, service robots will play an important role in Chinese family life in the future.In the next few years, the demand for service robots will continue to expand.Robot marketwill also develop rapidly.

Embarrassingly, the performance of the service robot industry in 2016 was actually not satisfactory. In this regard, Tan Jianrong told the editor of OFweek Robot Network that in recent years, the development of the robot industry has attracted a large number of companies to enter the market, resulting in a certain overheating of the market, but in fact there is no surplus in the robot industry, this is just a problem in the market resulting illusion.domesticRobot EnterpriseOnly starting from the basic research of robots and through the research of basic theory, can we truly master the core technology and key technology and make the enterprise sustainable development. For Chinese robot companies, it is the only way out to carry out basic research and cooperate with industry-university-research institutes.

“Internet +” Rise of Human-Machine Integration Innovation

In recent years, the concept of “Internet +” has begun to emerge, and all walks of life are seeking and exploring new ideas for the development of “industry + Internet”, and the manufacturing industry is no exception. Tan Jianrong believes that the key to “Internet +” for manufacturing lies in the substantial integration of the Internet and manufacturing.

The fusion of robots and people is a frontier development direction in the field of robotics, and multi-disciplinary integration and development are carried out.robot technologyThere are three major trends in development: the combination of software and hardware, the combination of virtual and real, and the integration of human and machine. Robot research should solve the application problems of robots from the aspects of configuration selection, layout design, job planning, dynamic analysis, virtual teaching and simulation.

Human-machine integration will become the driving force of a new generation of robots, and it is also the main direction of R&D and innovation in the field of robotics in the world.For example, inIndustrial robotIn the field, through human-machine integration, robots can learn work skills like humans and meet the work needs of good people. The relationship between humans and robots will also change from a master-servant relationship to a cooperative relationship.

“Human-machine war” smokes again and AI will shake the world in the future

The “human-machine Go battle” between human players and AlphaGo has recently become the focus of artificial intelligence. In early 2016, AlphaGo defeated the top human chess player Lee Sedol with a total score of 4:1. From the end of last year to the beginning of the year, the upgraded version of AlphaGo Master swept the Go world 60:0 on the Internet. In the face of the menacing offensive of artificial intelligence, what kind of changes will AI bring to mankind?

In this regard, Tan Jianrong expressed his views. He believes that artificial intelligence will bring profound changes to the learning methods, production methods, and communication methods of human society, and it can even be said to be subversive changes.Nowadays, on the basis of big data, coupled with knowledge engineering and deep learning,artificial intelligence technologyIt began to mature and had a profound impact on various fields. Alpha Dog is a typical example of this.

At the two sessions this year, “artificial intelligence” was included in the government work report for the first time. Tan Jianrong said that the development of artificial intelligence and robots was still at a very slow stage in the past few years. In recent years, artificial intelligence technology has begun to mature, and the market has begun to develop. He believes that the inclusion of “artificial intelligence” in the government work report this time further shows that the country attaches great importance to artificial intelligence, which will play a very positive role in the future development of artificial intelligence, and also marks the official opening of artificial intelligence in China. In the new era of development, the application of artificial intelligence technology in the manufacturing industry will surely bring new opportunities and new atmosphere to the manufacturing industry. (Text / Gong Qifei)

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