According to “Labor Daily”, Shanghai is the largest and most complete Industrial chain in my country.robotIndustrial agglomeration area.According to the planning of Shanghai’s Robot Industry, by 2020, the output value of Shanghai’s robot industry will strive to reach 60 billion to 80 billion yuan, becoming the leading domestic and world-leading industry.industryRobot and service robot technology research center, high-end manufacturing center.
How to achieve this goal?Shanghai Jiaotong UniversitymechanicalGao Feng, a professor at the School of Power Engineering, said frankly that the Industrial Robot technology mastered in my country is about 15 years behind the “Big Four”, which are leading foreign robot manufacturing companies. On-demand manufacturing is the way to break through.
56% of the world’s Robots are used in China
According to statistics from the International Federation of Robotics, China is currently the country with the most robots, with 56% of the 230,000 robots being used by China, followed by Japan, the United States, and South Korea.
China has such a huge robot market, but the weak industrial innovation, relatively small industry and poor competitiveness have become the “bottleneck” of the development of China’s robot industry.
Gao Feng sighed that from the perspective of the industrial chain, the upstream of the robot industry is components, the midstream is the robot body, and the downstream is system integration. “The domestic robot industry is mainly concentrated in the downstream system integration. Industrial robots have three core technologies: controller, reducer. , Robot dedicated servomotorAnd its control technology, while the domestic lack of top-notch enterprises in these three. “
Regarding the current situation of “big market and small share” of the domestic robot industry, Gao Feng believes that the lack of professional talent reserves is also the reason why it is difficult for the domestic robot industry to make great strides. He bluntly said that there is currently no specialized robotics major in China, and the training of a robotics R&D professional often takes more than ten years. “There are only a dozen people who graduate from my team with a doctorate in robotics every year. This major requires them to be a comprehensive talent, mastering all majors in mechanics, mechanics, electronics, etc. In order to make up for the talent gap, companies have begun to try to cooperate with colleges and universities. A model of cooperative cultivation.”
On-demand manufacturing out of “Chinese characteristics”
“At present, the core component manufacturing technology of domestic robot companies still has a certain gap compared with the international top level, but there are still new breakthroughs in the application of system integration in subdivided industries.” In addition to market layout, accurate positioning and finding Its own market sales channels are also very important for domestic robot companies.
“Generally, a company will first consider the cost when using robots. If it uses workers, the price of labor can be affordable, and most companies are reluctant to use robots.” Professor Gao Feng said bluntly that the current domestic sales of robots are actually very small, and the system integration The profit is not high, and the market competition is fierce. “For example, a service robot for food delivery, the gimmick is okay, but it is still difficult to really replace the waiter. In terms of technology, functionality, and cost, there is still a lot to think about. Only by finding the market and sales channels, can the early stage be realized. The huge investment will not be in vain.”
In his view, “intelligence” is an excellent selling point for domestic robot companies to break through. “Chinese companies know the Chinese market best. In my opinion, if robot companies want to break through, they must go out of ‘Chinese characteristics’ and manufacture on demand. For example, China’s aging population, the pension market has huge prospects, social security and services The demand for nursing care is more urgent, and elderly service robots have huge development space as a good solution. For example, in the fields of logistics and service industries, the key lies in on-demand research and development and on-demand manufacturing, which is also a highlight of the supply-side reform. “
(Original title: Insufficient talent reserve in my country’s robotics industry)
Netease Source of this article: Oriental Net