Robots entering Dongguan “Made in China” will enter the new world
(original title:robotEntering Dongguan “Made in China” will enter Xintiandi)
Author, Voice of Economy, Commentator, Yang Chunyang
A financial report said that batches of Robots came to Dongguan City, Guangdong Province, and entered the manufacturing production line, resulting in many new changes in the employment of Dongguan. Since the introduction of the robot, the product defect rate has dropped from more than 25% to less than 5%, while the production capacity has increased from more than 8,000 pieces per person to 21,000 pieces per month.The city plans to complete 1,000-1,500 “machine substitution” application projects this year, and by the year after, 80% of Dongguan’sindustryEnterprises will realize “machine substitution”.
Dongguan, which has been labeled as a “world factory” by international financial media, uses the influx of cheap rural labor and local cheap land to form an Industrial aggregation covering upstream and downstream enterprises, with economies of scale with the characteristics of a global industrial chain, and grows rapidly in Dongguan. For many electronic products, Dongguan’s output is sufficient to meet global demand.
At present, the cost of wages has increased significantly, the supply of cheap labor has gradually slowed down, and the cost of using industrial robots is only 23% of labor. The advantages of economies of scale in the global industrial chain.
How to inject this “robot dividend” into the entire “Made in China” field is worthy of serious consideration. China is the world’s largest robot market. By next year, the number of industrial robots in China will reach 428,000 units, becoming the world’s largest. At the same time, we have noticed that the recent survey of the labor market by People’s Daily shows that labor costs in the domestic manufacturing industry have continued to increase significantly, and companies around the world have introduced robots to reduce costs.
However, the new robots also bring us many new problems. In particular, how the army of hundreds of millions of ordinary workers can participate in the sharing of social wealth and economic development achievements in jobs that match their skills is a new issue for traditional labor relations and labor ethics. How can our social structure, economic structure, and labor supply structure adapt to this change? For employees transferred from traditional manufacturing, overcapacity enterprises and zombie enterprises, and for new citizens whose identities have been transformed by new urbanization, they are also new problems that need to be faced.
In this regard, Guangdong Province has made forward-looking forecasts and analysis. The analysis shows that after the full introduction of robots in the province’s manufacturing field, the employment of industrial enterprises in Guangdong will decrease by 900,000 people every year; however, the employment volume of the service industry will increase every year. 1.05 million people. At the same time, the intelligent transformation of the manufacturing industry and the replacement of human beings by machines will cause local unemployment of low-quality laborers. Ordinary skilled workers will have “difficulty in finding employment”. Their reemployment and the living security of the unemployed are the key concerns of the “13th Five-Year Plan”. The problem.
Guangdong’s forward-looking approach is worth learning from. At present, regardless of the eastern, western and central parts of the country, they are facing the intelligent transformation of traditional manufacturing industries and the practical need for robots to replace humans. The care of good public opinion and the adequate preparation and strong support of effective social policies should all go ahead. For future industries that have greater growth potential and can absorb more labor and employment, we must make arrangements as soon as possible. The relevant policy reserves, the guidance of the capital market, and the development of vocational education and technical training should all be followed up in a timely manner. As long as these tasks are done solidly, the new robots in Dongguan will bring “Made in China” into a new world…
(Original title: Robots entering Dongguan “Made in China” will enter the new world)
Netease Source of this article: Central Radio Network
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