The industrial robot market is too “exaggerated” and the manufacturing industry faces new challenges
Every industry contains infinite possibilities. Like manufacturing, under the influence of population migration and climate change, its development has also presented new challenges. Product life cycles are shortened, and global competition is becoming increasingly fierce.especially inindustryrobotIn the field, the manufacturing industry must make adequate preparations in the face of difficulties, understand the demands of customers, and make targeted and flexible manufacturing according to the demands of customers. Only by improving work efficiency and product quality can we stand in the fierce competition. invincible position.
At the same time, mainland China’s manufacturing industry faces challenges from internal and external attacks: internal labor costs increase, workers’ requirements increase, and the working environment needs to be improved. Externally, advanced manufacturing technology and emerging labor markets in developed countries such as Vietnam and India.
In the face of new challenges in the manufacturing industry, various countries and regions have taken some measures:
In the United States, in 2011, the “AMP Program” was launched to regain its leading position.
Germany, in 2012, promoted the “Industry 4.0 plan” to maintain its competitive advantage.
In Japan, in 2013, the “Japan Industrial Reinvigoration Plan” was proposed to revive the manufacturing industry through investment in equipment and R&D.
South Korea, in 2014, proposed the “Innovation 3.0 Strategy in the Manufacturing Industry” to assist small and medium-sized enterprises in establishing intelligence and optimizing production procedures.
In mainland China, “Made in China 2025” was announced in 2015, and the force has stepped from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power.
Taiwan, in 2015, proposed the “Productivity 4.0” key industries;digital information,mechanicalEquipment, metal transport, textile, food
We can feel that the countermeasures proposed by each region have in common:
1. Import intelligenceautomationtechnology, optimize the production process, save energy and cost, and improve product quality.
2. Emphasis on robot application technology.
What are the classifications of Robots? Horizontal articulated robot SCARARobot, serial articulated robot, parallel robot, orthogonal robot, cylindrical robot. Compared with the traditional production line, the modern production line composed of robots has the advantages of higher elasticity, simpler composition and convenient reuse.
Robots, we will move towards the trend of human-machine collaboration. Industrial robots have moved towards industrialization, and service robots have just started. Human-robot collaboration has great advantages: relatively low costs and a quick return on investment.
The four major families of traditional industrial robots, FANUC, YASKAWA, KUKA, and ABB, are ruling most of the industrial market. Their success has several things in common:
1. Every family uses robots not only as commodities, but most importantly as users, to provide the basis for repeated learning.
2. These four companies belong to Japan, Germany and Sweden/Switzerland. The country has a strong auto industry to support the development and sales of robots.
3. The four major brands all start the development and application of robots from their own automation. Through the automation application in the company, the improvement basis and application experience can be used to make the products continue to improve.
4. All countries have high-level mechanical industrial technology, mechanical and electrical control technology and other basic technologies and key components to support.
Related: Only those who give money know how difficult it is to transform SMEs
Over the past 30 years, the processing and manufacturing industry has been synonymous with Dongguan. Nowadays, this group of enterprises can no longer only do processing. They are accumulating manufacturing experience, introducing the technology of the times, and developing from processing manufacturing to smart manufacturing. Concepts such as technological innovation and own brand are deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and some companies have become leading companies in their industries, driving the upgrading and improvement of the industrial chain.
“The difficulty of transformation is known only to those who give money”, business owners exclaimed more than once. They hope that someone can reach out and pull, giving companies a little more time and funds to find a way out.
From “manufacturing” to “intelligent manufacturing”, how much policy dividends can the promotion of Dongguan’s policy bring to enterprises? Under the new situation, how should enterprises seize this wave of favorable policies? Experts believe that the main problem faced by enterprises is the shortage of talents and funds.
Data from the Dongguan Economic and Information Bureau shows that from September 2014 to January 2016, a total of 1,319 “machine substitution” special fund projects were declared, with a total investment of 10.868 billion yuan.
In 2015, 881 projects were declared, with an investment of 7.003 billion yuan.
After the project is fully completed, it is expected to reduce labor by about 46,600 people.
29,349 new equipment (sets) were added, and the average product qualification rate increased from 92.04% to 97.23%.
The unit cost of products decreased by an average of 11.05%, and labor productivity increased by an average of 1.66 times.
Driven by the “machine substitution” policy, industrial enterprises have generally increased their investment in technological transformation. In 2015, the investment in industrial technological transformation was 23.122 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 85.6%, and the growth rate ranked third in the Pearl River Delta.
The transformation of SMEs is plagued by talents and funds
SMEs, especially technology-based SMEs, are an important force in technological innovation. In neighboring Japan, the century-old enterprises are among the top in the world. Among these evergreen enterprises, the proportion of small and medium-sized enterprises cannot be ignored, and many innovative technologies are born in small and medium-sized enterprises.
Gong Jiayong believes that, in fact, the future of intelligent manufacturing, industry 4.0, and globalization of innovation should be a combination of big innovation, medium innovation, small innovation, and micro innovation. Therefore, while attaching great importance to big innovation and medium innovation, we must also pay attention to small innovation and micro innovation.
However, the reality is that the transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises is troubled by problems such as funds and talents, and is eager to get attention.
“In my opinion, the government’s ‘intelligent manufacturing’ refers more to the application of Industry 4.0, and in terms of clothing, it refers more to sewing, but this requires a lot of investment, and the order volume may not be able to keep up. It is very difficult for us to invest 10 million to build the system, but it is very easy for large companies. That is to say, it is difficult to do it by yourself without capital intervention.” Wang Dameng, the head of Bilang Technology, said frankly, if relying on The transformation of the enterprise’s own power, without the platform and re