The level of industrial automation in my country has been greatly improved, and it is expected that by 2020, the installed capacity of robots will increase by at least 300,000 units. From 2004 to 2014, the number of industrial robots in China increased from 7,100 units to 189,400 units, and the global share of the ownership increased from 0.84% to 12.79%. The year-on-year growth rate in 2014 reached 42.61%, much higher than global average.
Changes in robot and labor costs in the 3C industry
In 2014, China’s Industrial Robot ownership accounted for 12.97% of the world’s total
In 2014, the number of industrial robots in China reached 189,400 units
The density of robots in the 3C manufacturing industry is less than 50 units per ten thousand people, which will replace the automobile industry as a new blue ocean for Industrial Robot equipment. The automotive industry has always been the industry that uses the most industrial robots. Globally, the sales of industrial robots in the automotive industry account for about 45%, while the sales of industrial robots in the electrical and electronic industry account for only about 20%. 60% of domestic industrial robots are also used in the automobile manufacturing industry. The density of robots in the automobile industry has reached 305 units/10,000 units, far higher than the domestic average of 36 units/10,000 units. It has reached the automation level of the manufacturing industry in developed countries. There is limited room for improvement in the future.
At present, the automation rate of my country’s 3C industry is still low, and there is still a huge demand for automation transformation. However, due to the large number of components in 3C products (for example, mobile phones include large components such as touch screens, Display panels, motherboard PCBs, batteries, mid-boards, and back covers, and other small components such as cameras and structural components), and the basic They are all non-standard products, with small size and high absolute precision requirements, which make it difficult to automate the transformation of their production and assembly. The automation rate of Foxconn’s OEM mobile phones is only 30%. 3C products include parts manufacturing technology including shell, glass, cover plate and whole machine assembly technology. The technology and equipment are quite mature, the processing content is highly repetitive, labor intensity is high, and it is in line with the characteristics of automation transformation. With the current 3C manufacturing in my country According to the huge scale of industry practitioners, if the density of robots in the industry reaches the level of South Korea, the automation transformation potential of the 3C manufacturing industry is huge.
Sales of industrial robots in the global automotive industry account for about 45%, much higher than 20% in the electrical and electronic industry
The density of industrial robots in the automotive industry has reached 305 units per 10,000 people, and the level of automation is much higher than other industries
In 2014, the output value of China’s 3C industry exceeded 4 trillion yuan, and the demand for terminal products will still maintain a high degree of prosperity. In 2014, the global shipment of smartphones reached 1.269 billion units, a year-on-year increase of 28.0%; the global shipment of tablet computers was 234 million units, a year-on-year increase of 7.2%. The demand for emerging consumer electronic products such as smartphones, tablet computers, notebook computers and wearable electronic devices continues to grow. Due to the short cycle and rapid replacement of 3C products, the demand side of the 3C industry maintains a high degree of prosperity.
The 3C manufacturing industry is highly competitive, with common profit margins, and the cost side drives the automation rate of the industry. Most of the global 3C industry production capacity in the 3C manufacturing industry is in China, and most of them are foundry factories. They do not master the core technology and marketing channels of 3C terminal products, and are at the bottom of the smile curve. The added value of the industry is small and the industry competition is fierce. Overall, the 3C manufacturing industry is a buyer’s market. Mobile phone brands will keep prices to the lowest level, and the profit margin of enterprises is very low. The net profit margin of sales in the 3C manufacturing industry has been maintained at a low level of around 4%. How to maintain a relatively low operating cost in the industry is the main problem faced by companies in the 3C manufacturing industry. 3C manufacturing companies use machines to replace human beings to improve the automation rate and reduce production costs, including labor costs and equipment investment costs.
3C manufacturing companies are at the bottom of the smile curve, and the competition is fierce
The net profit margin of 3C manufacturing industry sales has remained at a low level of around 4%
Labor costs account for one of the main costs of 3C manufacturing enterprises. With the gradual loss of my country’s demographic dividend, the continuous rise of labor wages has put greater pressure on the cost side of 3C manufacturing enterprises. Before 2020, my country’s working-age population will decrease relatively slowly, with an average annual decrease of 1.55 million; the decrease will accelerate in the following period, with an average annual decrease of 7.9 million from 2020 to 2030, and an average annual decrease of 7.9 million from 2030 to 2050. A decrease of 8.35 million. The 3C industry is a typical labor-intensive enterprise. The sharp rise in labor costs and the rapid decline in the labor force pose a serious threat to the survival of the enterprise, forcing the enterprise to reduce production costs and improve production efficiency.
Salary changes since 2010