The working-age population has reached its peak, and robots are ushering in a period of rapid development
According to data from the United Nations Population Program, it is estimated that in the fastest case, in 2023, India’s population will surpass that of China and become the most populous country in the world. However, China’s working-age population aged 20-64 may have reached its peak. Due to China’s aging population and low birth rate, the number of working-age population may decline sharply after 2030.
Many economists believe that China’s labor force is no longer growing rapidly, so it can no longer rely on a growing labor force to drive economic growth in many ways. For the manufacturing industry with the strongest population demand, automation has become an inevitable pursuit.
Of course, automation itself has applications beyond manufacturing. The manufacturing industry continues to shrink, allowing the deployment of automation to continue to move forward to the service industry, and fewer and fewer young people are willing to work in factories. According to the International Labor Organization, China’s manufacturing employment will be 147 million in 2021, 22 million fewer than in 2012, while service sector employment will increase by 32% to 365 million during the same period.
Manufacturing and service industries are pushing automation to new heights of application.According to data from research institutions, changes in China’s labor market androbotAdvances in technology may indicate that China may experience a boom in robot applications.By 2030, China’s production lineIndustrial robotIt will increase from the current 1 million units to between 3.2 million and 4.2 million units.
Susanne Bieller, secretary-general of the robotics federation IFR, said automation is also an important way for China to relieve pressure on the labor market. In addition, many economists also believe that automation is the most reliable way for China to increase worker productivity. Last year, China shipped more than 243,000 Industrial Robots, accounting for half of the global total. From the data point of view, China is accelerating the process of automation in the manufacturing industry.At the same time, eight departments including the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology jointly released the “14th Five-Year Plan for Intelligent Manufacturing Development”, which clearly stated that by 2025, most of the manufacturing enterprises above designated size will achieveDigitizingNetworking, and the backbone enterprises in key industries have initially applied intelligence.
And 2022 has come to an end, it is worth waiting to see what kind of answers will be handed over this year.
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